Types Of Leather Fabrics And Their Composition And Characteristics
There are many types of leather fabrics commonly used in the fabric market. Generally speaking, we divide them into: genuine leather, microfiber leather, environmental protection leather, western leather, and imitation leather.
The imitation leather is PVC plastic, but the surface is made of texture. The quality of the imitation leather is determined by the thickness. Generally, the thickness of the imitation leather is 0.7mm. , The thicker the imitation leather, the better. The color of imitation leather is very important. It must be the same color or close to that of real leather. If the difference is large, it will seriously affect the quality of the furniture.
Xipi is a kind of artificial leather, mainly made of PVC, with a thickness of more than 1.0mm.
Eco-friendly leather is a new type of artificial leather, with a soft feel and similar texture to real leather.
Microfiber leather, also known as microfiber leather, is the best artificial leather. The texture is very similar to real leather, and the feel is a bit hard. It is difficult for outsiders to distinguish whether it is genuine leather or recycled leather.
Microfiber leather, the full name is microfiber simulation sofa leather, also called recycled leather, is a newly developed high-grade leather in synthetic leather, not real leather. Because of its cold resistance, breathability, aging resistance, soft texture and beautiful appearance, it has become an ideal choice for replacing human leather.
Natural dermis is “woven” from many collagen fibers of varying thickness. The grain surface layer and the mesh layer are two layers. The grain surface layer is woven with very fine collagen fibers, and the mesh layer is woven with thicker collagen fibers. Become.
Since the surface layer of the microfiber leather is composed of a polyurethane layer that is similar to the grain layer of natural leather, the bottom layer is made of microfiber non-woven fabric, and the structure is very similar to the mesh layer of natural leather. It has very similar structure and performance to natural leather.
Compared with natural leather, microfiber leather has the following characteristics:
- Folding fastness can be comparable to natural leather. Normal temperature curve reaches 200,000 times without cracks and low temperature (-20’C) has 30,000 times without cracks (good temperature resistance and mechanical properties).
- Moderate elongation (good skin feel).
- High tear strength and peel strength (high abrasion resistance, tear strength, tensile strength).
- There will be no pollution from production to use, and the environmental performance is superior. The appearance effect of microfiber leather is most like real leather, and its thickness uniformity, tear strength, color vividness and leather surface utilization are better than Danan leather. It has become the development direction of contemporary synthetic leather. If the surface of the microfiber leather is dirty: scrub it with high-grade gasoline or clean water. Do not scrub with other organic solvents or alkaline substances to prevent the quality from being abducted. Microfiber leather use conditions: heat setting should not exceed 25 minutes at 100°C, no more than 10 minutes at 120°C, and no more than 5 minutes at 130°C.